In the newest edition of the Consolidated FDI Policy released yesterday, the DIPP has for the first time included a section dedicated to Indian startups. The move is part of the Indian Government’s continued push to boost venture capital investment in the fast-expanding startup ecosystem.
As per the provisions in this section, startups will now be allowed to raise 100% funding from Foreign Venture Capital Investors (FVCIs) through convertible notes. The financing can also be done through the issuance of equity and debt instruments to FVCIs, the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion stated.
Commenting on the development, Anil Joshi, member of IVCA and Partner at Unicorn India Ventures, said, “Inclusion of Startups in FDI policy allowing 100 FVCI is a great initiative by the government. This initiative will help lot many start-ups to get access to much-needed capital which sometimes becomes cumbersome due to procedural issues. The government has taken proactive measures in supporting startups and allowing 100% FVCI is clear indication of importance what startups have in government’s scheme of thing.”
The circular marks the first time that an updated FDI policy has been released, since the abolition of the 25-year-old Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) in May 2017.
Foreign investors of all countries, with the exception of Pakistan and Bangladesh, will now be permitted by law to purchase convertible notes worth $39K (INR 25 Lakh) or more in a single tranche from startups based in India.
Henceforth, NRIs will be allowed to buy convertible notes from Indian startups on non-repatriation basis. The policy further states, “A startup company engaged in a sector where foreign investment requires Government approval may issue convertible notes to a non-resident only with the approval of the Government.”
These sectors include banking, mining, defence, broadcasting, civil aviation, telecoms, and pharmaceuticals, among others. In the unregulated financial services sector, the Department of Economic Affairs will have the sole authority to approve all such proposals.
To be able to issue convertible notes to foreign investors, startups in these segments will have to provide reports and documents as prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
Updated FDI Policy: Bolstering Growth Of Indian Startups
The DIPP currently handles the task of compiling policies pertaining to foreign direct investment in India. Although most of these provisions have already been notified by respective authorities, the Consolidated FDI Policy serves as a single document for investors.
The circular, which is released every year, has also sought to simplify the definition of venture capital fund. As per the new definition, a venture capital fund is basically a fund so registered under the SEBI (Venture Capital Funds) Regulations, 1996.
To increase FDI inflow, the Indian government has liberalised FDI policy in a variety of sectors, including defence, civil aviation, construction and development, private security agencies and news broadcasting over the past 12 months.
In fact, in the last three years, the government has made up to 87 alterations to FDI policies, in an attempt to accelerate economic growth and job creation. The country’s total FDI influx in FY17 stood at $60.1 Bn, a jump from the $55.6 Bn in the financial year ending in March 2016.
To bolster VC funding in startups, the government has reportedly sanctioned more than $97.4 Mn (INR 623.50 Cr) to venture capital firms out of its $1.5 Bn (INR 10,000 Cr) ‘Fund of Funds’ corpus.
As revealed in the DIPP document, the latest changes to the FDI policy can be seen as an important step taken by the government to increase foreign venture capital investment in Indian startups. The ultimate goal, as iterated by PM Modi during the 71st Independence Day speech, is fostering a culture of job creation in the country.